Pest Analysis & Termite Analysis

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Termites

Carpenter Ants

Other Pests

About Termites

Termites are social insects which mostly live in colonies under the ground beneath the soil surface. They come from the soil and generally enter structures undetected via hidden pathways in floors and in the foundation wall. Termites are also known as White Ants in some areas. There are over 2,600 species of termites worldwide. Only about 5% are significant pests to homes and buildings. In North America, damp wood, dry wood, and subterranean termites are a threat to structures. Subterranean termites cause billions of dollars of damage each year. This is why inspecting your potential or exisiting home for pests is a great idea for peace-of-mind from these devastating intruders.

— Termite Colonies —

Termite colonies can contain millions of members. These termite colonies are very organized, with all members working to find sources of food. Members within the colony usually consist of:

Workers — These termite are white in color, wingless, and soft bodied. Worker termites make up the majority of the colony. They eat wood in order to feed the others in the colony, and are known for the damage they cause.

Soldiers — These termites are also wingless, with a yellowish-brown head. Soldiers are the strong-jawed protectors of the colony, keeping out invaders and enemies such as ants.

Reproductive / Swarmers — These termites are the winged adults (male:“king, female: “queen”). Body color varies by species from black to yellow-brown. Swarmers termites are the type most often seen by homeowners.

— Signs of Termites —

During the spring is when swarmers will typically begin to emerge inside a home. The presence of swarmers in your home or their wings, which they shed, could be a sign of termites. It is essential to take immediate action at the first signs of termite infestation in your home. Eastern Termite & Pest Control can help you if you have detected termites or any other pests within your home.

The most obvious signs of termite damage in your home are mud tubes. Mud tubes act a protection for termites and are commonly found near the foundations of your home. Check for signs of termite infestation in areas where wood contacts the ground.

— What Do Termites Eat? —

A termite’s diet primarily consists of eating cellulose. Cellulose is found in wood and plant fiber. Along with wood, termites can feed on mulch, books, paper, and even the insulation within your home. Even if your home is built primarily of brick or stone, you can still find yourself with a termite problem. This is because structural supports and other building components are typically constructed of wood and other cellulose containing materials.

About Carpenter Ants

These ants are named for their ability to carve large nesting galleries out of wood. Carpenter ants leave hollow tunnels and spaces that threaten the structural integrity of buildings and wooden facilities. This damage can eventually cause these structures to collapse. Unlike termites, carpenter ants do not ingest wood. They tunnel into soft, water-damaged wood to create transportation corridors and larger galleries in which to build their nests. However, they will also tunnel into healthy wood to expend their nests.

— Carpenter Ant Colonies —

Like Termites, carpenter ants live in large social colonies governed by strict caste systems that can number in the tens of thousands. Primarily night foragers, carpenter ants lay down pheromone trails to guide workers to new nesting sites and food and water resources. Carpenter ants may forage over an area the size of a football field. They can enter homes through door and window frames, along plumbing and utility lines, and over landscape bridges formed by tree limbs and overgrown shrubs.

— What Do Carpenter Ants Eat? —

Omnivores and adept scavengers, carpenter ants will eat nearly anything humans eat but primarily feed on sweets, particularly aphid honeydew, and proteins, including other insects and their own dead. From March through May, established carpenter ant colonies produce flying swarmers. The mated pairs fly off to begin new colonies. Because carpenter ants require constant water access to survive, they are drawn to damp, decaying wood. Outdoors carpenter ants nest in damaged trees, favoring maples and oaks, old stumps, and wood piles. Satellite colonies may develop indoors in high moisture areas such as damp wall cavities, under water-damaged roofs, and inside porch pillars or window sills. Their presence is often discovered by the telltale piles of sawdust-like byproduct these ants deposit during tunneling. The original parent colony is usually located outdoors with multiple satellite colonies in the vicinity. To effectively eliminate carpenter ants and halt the structural damage they cause, the entire colony and all its satellites must be exterminated.

Other Pests

There is a wide range of widelife that can try to invade and disrupt the integrity of your home. These creatures seek out shelter and safety, in warm, undisturbed areas of houses that you would never think of. This list includes everything from:

— Termites & Ants

— Bees, Wasps, & Hornets

— House Mice & Rats

— Moles & Voles

— Groundhogs

— Squirrels

— Raccoons

— Opossums

— Ticks, Fleas, & Bedbugs

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